Unknown pages Pinega expeditions in 1927 and 1930
The author introduces the unknown documents on the history of the famous complex expeditions to the Russian North Leningrad Institute for the History of Arts, which was attended by Evgeny Hippius and Zinaida Ewald. This field notebooks and diaries, which are stored in the archives of The Glinka National Museum Consortium of Musical Culture.
Evgeny Hippius, Zinaida Ewald, Russian North, river Pinega, musical and ethnographic expedition
Composite features of epic tunes at Obonezhye
The article deals with the process of morphogenesis in the epic melodies at the particular style of «rhapsode» narrative. A striking feature of epic tunes of this style is an oratorical speech intonation combined with verse tirade. The materials used for the analysis had involved a little-known recordings of ballads and «modern-time» epics of Soviet times, drunk on traditional epic tunes.
Epics tunes, bylina, «old-time» epics (starina), «modern-time» epics (novina), composition, morphogenesis
Melogeography of Pomorye’s stárinas and spiritual verses
The paper presents the experience of the typological systematic of Pomorye’s stárinas and spiritual verses. The author investigates the pitch of their organization, seeing it in coordination
with the rhythmic forms, and in accordingly with the fixedness of the poetic texts with different genres of epic — heroic and novelistic stárinas, ballads, spiritual verses and historical songs — for certain tunes. The results of the analytical study reflected on the map, demonstrating distribution of melodic types of Pomorye’s stárinas and spiritual poems.
Epic songs, stárina, spiritual verses, the Russian North, Pomorye, melogeography
Acoustical methods in the study of pitch phenomena in traditional singing
The paper presents basics of acoustical research of pitch phenomena in ethnomusicology. General matters of objectivisation of a subjective sound are mentioned. Problems of pitch perception and evaluation are discussed, in the case of changeable of track (vibrato, glides, etc.) characteristic of vocal performance. Techniques of acoustical measurements of musical scales are considered. Different (mostly Lithuanian) examples of acoustical studies of traditional singing are provided.
Acoustical methods, traditional singing, pitch, musical scale
The application of acoustics in performance practice: reading soundtrack
The article presents the results of acoustic studies of ritual singing in Belarusian, Russian and Latgale traditions. As reference material used samples of lyrical songs and singing znamenny Latgale Believers and spiritual verses performed by urban unprofessional staff. Identified specific features of different types of intonation and intratypic dialectal differences.
Acoustical methods, ritual singing, style of performance, typology of sound
Konstantinova Tatiana, Pribylova Vasilina
On the «white spots» on the map of East-slavs ethno-song traditions (expeditionary observations of 2013)
The article presents the results of musical-ethnographic expedition in 2013, held in several districts of the Vitebsk region, bordering on Smolensk region. The authors showed uneven Distribution of calendar song and ritual traditions in this area and identifies factors that could have an impact on the formation of ethnic song landscape in the area between Zapadnaya Dvina and Dnieper rivers.
Calendar ritual tradition, Vitebsk-Smolensk borderlands, ethnic song landscape, musical-ethnographic expedition.
Expedition 2013 at Smolensk-Vitebsk borderlands. Some preliminary results
The article presents the results of a field survey of the musical traditions of the two districts in the northeast of the Vitebsk region. The author analyzes the possibility of the material collected for further comparative studies.
Belarus, Vitebsk region, musical-ethnographic expedition, calendar songs, wedding tradition